Jeffery Eddy, EqAT
585-781-4946
FAQs

Is natural hoof care more or less expensive?
The answer to this question depends on how your horses' feet are currently being addressed. If your horse is wearing shoes, then most likely going to a natural hoof trim will be less expensive. However, it may not be as much of a reduction as you expect. For instance, most farriers shoe (or even trim!) on a 6-7 week schedule, while the natural trim is most beneficial with trimming every 4-5 weeks.

If a farrier is currently trimming your horse barefoot, natural hoof care may well be slightly more expensive. Traditional farriers often charge a low fee to trim, but it is important to take into account that for the most part, farriers simply trim a foot as if they were going to put a shoe on it. This can entail removing toe height (and the all-important toe callus) and leaving the heels too high.

Why does trimming this way take more time?
The natural hoof trim can often times take a bit longer than a farrier�s trim. There are several reasons for this.

Documentation. Measurements are taken and recorded to establish a baseline and to monitor your horses� progress.

Individualized Care. A natural hoof trim is geared specifically to each individual horse and is done with deliberation and care. A pasture trim involves simply slicing off the bottom of the foot, without concern for maintaining the toe callus or for respecting the natural (and all-important) concavity of the sole. The first trim will take longer than subsequent trims: during the first trim I am learning about your horse's feet as much as I am trimming them, and there is always more "work" to do in terms of balancing the feet. Once the trim is balanced, and as long as we stay on a 4-schedule, subsequent trims will go faster.

Positive Reinforcement. It is important to work WITH the horse, donkey, or mule, rather than against them. This means using well-timed positive reinforcement, giving the animal frequent breaks, and making concessions to any special needs they may have.

Why do you ask about my horse's turnout, diet, etc? What does all that have to do with hoof care?
The answer is that turnout, diet, and every other aspect of your horse's life has EVERYTHING to do with hoof care.

Turnout: Horses are animals of almost constant movement, and their entire physiology is set up that way. Healthy adult horses lie down to sleep only 60 minutes or so in a 24-hour period; they nap on their feet (during the day as well as at night) and they are on the move most of the rest of the time (night as well as day). Horses' feet are also set up for being on hard, supportive ground. When they are stalled on soft bedding, their feet fail to get the stimulation they need and their posture is actually altered when their toes "bury" in the deep shavings. So stabling, even for a few hours a day, is quite damaging to feet. In fact, the advent of horse shoes coincided closely with the beginning of keeping horses stalled for human convenience; when horses started spending time in stalls, their formerly strong feet began to fall apart (thereby "necessitating" shoes). As long as horses are allowed to live and they were meant to live, their own hooves are more than capable of taking care of them. It's when human beings began interfering that horses suddenly "needed" shoes.

Diet: It is important to look at the physiology of the horse in order to understand how diet affects hoof care. Horses are foragers, whose long, winding digestive tract is set up for almost constant grazing on relatively low-quality grass. They are not set up for large meals of starch and protein-rich grains, which they would encounter only rarely and in very small amounts in nature. In horses, too much nutrition, especially in the form of starches, can cause stretching or separation in the white line, and laminitis, as well as colic. Laminitis, like navicular, is an almost entirely human-caused "disease"--it is not found in the cadaver feet of wild horses, nor does it occur in naturally kept horses. I work with each client to make recommendations on nutrition that supports healthy hoof development and horse health.



Hoof Facts
(courtesy of www.equinextion.com)

What makes a good foot? Most often people answer that there is no cracks, splits or chipping. There is more to the foot than the hoof wall. The foot is a complex and 'elastic' ORGAN.

The Function of the foot for any horse is:

  • To be able to run from potential danger ... traction
  • Protection from outside forces, temperature regulation and shock absorption
  • To feel and assess the ground on which he travels
  • To assist the heart in pumping the blood out of the feet/legs... through movement of course.
SIMPLE DRAWING OF
PATHOLOGICAL FOOT SHAPE

COMMON ...BUT NOT HEALTHY SHAPE

The above pictures show an undesirable, albeit common foot shape. High heels result in tipping the coffin bone, contraction, decreased movement, etc.

NORMAL FOOT SHOWING A
SIMPLE TRIANGLE SHAPE

The outer hoof shape 'mirrors' the coffin bone.

The normal healthy and functioning foot viewed from the side is a simple triangle shape as shown in the pictures above.

The underside of the normal foot is concave in shape (dome shape). This concave shape combined with the natural expansion and contraction that happens through movement, helps to produce a 'self cleaning' foot. This is inherent for traction on any terrain (similar to a suction cup).

There is also a noticeable toe callus in the area 'spray painted white' helping to protect the tip of the coffin bone. Having a callus makes sense too. I remember being young and developing my own callused feet.

CONCAVE IN SHAPE LIKE A 'DOME'
The healthy barefoot is concave in shape
EQ NO TOUCHY ZONE

SHOWING CONCAVITY AND
'SCOOPING' OF THE QUARTERS
Barefoot horse showing concavity...side view

A HEALTHY FOOT HAS A
WONDERFUL NATURAL ARCH

Below is a picture of a cross section of a hoof. In the picture beside, I 'drew' in what the live foot may have looked like.

CROSS SECTION OF A
HORSES FOOT TO FETLOCK

SHOWING THE 2 MOST COMMON
SITES FOR LAMENESS

What are the Ingredients of a Healthy Natural Foot?

#1 Lots and lots of movement
If you think for a moment on how and where the horse evolved then it makes sense that his feet (and body) were intended to cover lots of ground on varied terrain. A wild horse could easily covers 10-15 miles per day. By increasing movement on supportive barefoot ground, (including riding/driving) the natural foot is stimulated to respond with growth and an increase in overall durability and strength. (Much like our muscles will respond to exercise)

#2 Befitting Hygiene
If a wild horse can cover 10-15 miles per day, it would be improbable for that horse to stand (for long periods) in his own excrement. So honoring this, we make sure that the horse is never standing in 'slop'. This 'slop' will deteriorate the quality of hoof horn as well as be a contributor in promoting disease. So basically, instead of cleaning stalls, we prefer to pick-a-poo (clean) our EQ system regularly. Horse manure is well balanced in itself and decomposes quickly making enriched black soil (with no added bedding/urine).

#3 Frequent Maintenance of Normal Shape
A healthy normal and functioning foot is a fast growing entity. Unless you are covering over 10-15 miles per day... every day... you will have to support the natural shape by giving a periodic maintenance trim.

This maintenance trim is not like any other trim you have seen traditionally. We look at it more like a 'pedicure' than an actual trim.

If the horse has correct foot shape, the foot is functional and everything else in your horse�s life is right.